Generalized uniform spaces, uniformly locally contractive set-valued dynamic systems and fıxed points
Department of Nonlinear Analysis, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Ł ódź, Banacha 22, 90-238 Łódź, Poland
Fixed Point Theory and Applications 2012, 2012:104 doi:10.1186/1687-1812-2012-104Published: 21 June 2012
Motivated by classical Banach contraction principle, Nadler investigated set-valued contractions with respect to Hausdorff distances h in complete metric spaces, Covitz and Nadler (Jr.) investigated set-valued maps which are uniformly locally contractive or contractive with respect to generalized Hausdorff distances H in complete generalized metric spaces and Suzuki investigated set-valued maps which are contractive with respect to distances Qp in complete metric spaces with τ-distances p. Here, we provide more general results which, in particular, include the mentioned ones above. The concepts of generalized uniform spaces, generalized pseudodistances in these spaces and new distances induced by these generalized pseudodistances are introduced and a new type of sequential completeness which extended the usual sequential completeness is defined. Also, the new two kinds of set-valued dynamic systems which are uniformly locally contractive or contractive with respect to these new distances are studied and conditions guaranteeing the convergence of dynamic processes and the existence of fixed points of these uniformly locally contractive or contractive set-valued dynamic systems are established. In addition, the concept of the generalized locally convex space as a special case of the generalized uniform space is introduced. Examples illustrating ideas, methods, definitions, and results are constructed, and fundamental differences between our results and the well-known ones are given. The results are new in generalized uniform spaces, uniform spaces, generalized locally convex and locally convex spaces and they are new even in generalized metric spaces and in metric spaces.
MSC: 54C60; 47H10; 54E15; 46A03.